NEW DELHI: The Narendra Modi government today launched a nationwide vaccination drive to prevent eight diseases under Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 across the country.
The government’s flagship scheme is aimed at immunizing children under the age of 2 years and pregnant women against eight vaccine-preventable diseases.
The IMI covers vaccines for diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and Hepatitis B. Vaccines for Japanese encephalitis and Haemophilus Influenza are also being provided in selected areas. The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts spread over 27 States.
The IMI 2.0 will be carried out between December 2019 and March 2020.
In Rajasthan, Intensified Mission Indradhanush- 2 campaign has been launched today. This campaign will be conducted in four phases across the state. Under this campaign, vaccination services will be provided free of cost to the dropout and left out children and pregnant women.
The govt aims to reach each and every child up to two years of age and all those pregnant women who have been left uncovered under the routine immunization programme. Over 88.5 per cent children and pregnant women have been vaccinated under routine immunization in Rajasthan and a target has been set to reach 100 per cent under this campaign.
Regarding this, a list of left out and drop out children and pregnant women has been prepared through which such children and women in far-flung rural areas and urban slum areas will be approached.
Under the first phase, six thousand 71 vaccination sessions will be conducted and more than 10 thousand pregnant women and more than 42 thousand children will be immunized.
Apart from the medical department, women and child development department, Panchayati Raj department, education department, Nehru Yuva Kendra are also supporting this campaign.
In Madhya Pradesh, Mission Indradhanush for vaccination of children and pregnant women also started in the state from today.
During the next four months, under Mission Indradhanush, a target has been set to vaccinate around one lakh children and more than thirty thousand pregnant women.
The campaign will be carried out in 260 development blocks of 43 districts of the state including the capital Bhopal and Indore. In addition , the mission will be running in four-phases in state.
Children will be vaccinated under the National Mission Indradhanush in the months in January, February and March next year.
Public Health and Family Welfare Minister Tulsiram inaugurated this campaign in Indore district. The Project Officers of the District Urban Development Agency has been made the nodal officer for the successful operation of the mission.
Polio Vaccination NOW Causing More Infections than Wild Virus?
In rare instances, the live virus in oral polio vaccines can mutate and become infectious, causing new outbreaks.
LONDON (England): — Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, and Angola have reported new cases of polio linked to the oral vaccine, as global health numbers show there are now more children being paralyzed by viruses originating in vaccines than in the wild.
In a report late last week, the World Health Organization and partners noted nine new polio cases caused by the vaccine in the four countries.
Seven countries elsewhere in Africa have similar outbreaks and cases have been reported in Asia. Of the two countries where polio remains endemic, Afghanistan and Pakistan, vaccine-linked cases have been identified in Pakistan.
In rare cases, the live virus in oral polio vaccine can mutate into a form capable of sparking new outbreaks.
All the current vaccine-derived polio cases have been sparked by a Type 2 virus contained in the vaccine.
Type 2 wild virus was eliminated years ago.
Polio is a highly infectious disease that spreads in contaminated water or food and usually strikes children under 5. About one in 200 infections results in paralysis. Among those, a small percentage die when their breathing muscles are crippled.
Donors last week pledged $2.6 billion to combat polio as part of an eradication initiative that began in 1988 and hoped to wipe out polio by 2000. Since then, numerous such deadlines have been missed.
To eradicate polio, more than 95% of a population needs to be immunized. WHO and partners have long relied on oral polio vaccines because they are cheap and can be easily administered, requiring only two drops per dose. Western countries use a more expensive injectable polio vaccine that contains an inactivated virus incapable of causing polio.
The Independent Monitoring Board, a group set up by WHO to assess polio eradication, warned in a report this month that vaccine-derived polio virus is “spreading uncontrolled in West Africa, bursting geographical boundaries and raising fundamental questions and challenges for the whole eradication process.”
The group said officials were already “failing badly” to meet a recently approved polio goal of stopping all vaccine-derived outbreaks within 120 days of detection. It described the initial attitude of WHO and its partners to stopping such vaccine-linked polio cases as “relaxed” and said “new thinking” on how to tackle the problem was needed.
New Rotavirus Vaccine ROTAVAC-5D® Launched By Vice President Naidu
Rotavirus causes approximately 200,000 deaths and about 2 million hospitalizations annually across the world.
NEW DELHI: Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu on December 3 launched the new Rotavirus vaccine ROTAVAC-5D®, a smaller dosage form of its earlier oral immunisation shot that can be stored at a relatively higher temperature, in New Delhi.
“There is a need for vaccination at the right time. While the government is doing its best on this front, it is a greater social responsibility which every medical professional should take forward besides removing apprehension about vaccination for timely prevention of diseases. This would ensure better health of the nation and its people,” said Naidu in his speech.
Designed and developed by Bharat Biotech, it is available in a 0.5 ml dosage, Rotavac 5D can be stored at 2-8 degree Celsius for up to 24 months, and can be administered in five drops. Rotavac 5D is also stable at 37 degree Celsius for seven days.
In contrast, the earlier version, Rotavac is available in 2.5 ml vial per dose and has to be stored at -20 degree Celsius.
The vaccine stability, combined with its small cold chain footprint, enables its use in low resource settings and outreach programs, the company said in a release.
On the occasion, the Vice President said that he believed that ROTAVAC is an example of a true social innovation that was realized through a partnership between scientists from India and the USA.
He added that India is committed to the goal of protecting the health of each and every one of its children.
Vice President added that India is firmly committed to ending morbidity and mortality in children caused due to diarrhoea by 2022.
The first generation, Rotavirus vaccine, ROTAVAC developed under a Public-Private Partnership with the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India, has put India on the global map for setting new standards in pharmaceutical Research and Development.
Rotavac 5D has been evaluated in clinical trials in India and other countries. This vaccine is safe, effective and affordable, besides being cross-protective against a variety of rotavirus strains.
Its efficacy compares favourably with the efficacy of the currently licensed rotavirus vaccines in low-resource countries. The study results showed clear evidence of protection across different rotavirus strains and continued efficacy in the second year of life. Currently, over 25 countries have granted patents for Rotavac 5D.
The company invested US$ 20 million to develop new manufacturing facilities and supporting infrastructure in its Genome Valley plant in Hyderabad with an installed manufacturing capacity of 200 million doses per year. The project was supported in part by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
Globally rotavirus disease burden is estimated at 200,000 deaths and two million hospitalisations annually, mostly in low-income countries. Prevention of rotavirus infections would lead to a significant reduction in infant mortality rates and reduce the economic impact of hospitalisations to national governments across the globe.
We Need To Rename It As ‘International Day of Persons with Special Abilities’: Vice President
Schools must inculcate sensitivity towards disability among children early in their lives: VP
NEW DELHI: Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu today said that ‘International Day of Persons with Disabilities’ must be renamed as ‘International Day of Persons with Special Abilities’, to reflect the enormous potential and capabilities that differently-abled people posses and to dispel the stigma that society attaches to disability.
“They are certainly role models for many others and can make an immense contribution to the cause of nation-building, given the right kind of environment and opportunities”, he added.
He was addressing the gathering after presenting the National Awards for the Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities on the occasion of the International Day of Persons with Disabilities.
हमारे बीच ऐसे कितने ही ऐसे विशेष प्रतिभा और क्षमता के धनी मेधावी महिलाएं और पुरुष हैं जिन्होंने जीवन के विभिन्न क्षेत्रों में उत्कृष्टता हासिल की है। यदि समुचित परिवेश और अवसर उपलब्ध कराए जाएं तो ये प्रतिभाशाली नागरिक राष्ट्रीय निर्माण मे उल्लेखनीय योगदान कर सकते हैं। #IDPWD2019 pic.twitter.com/uh9bsAjb2V
— Vice President of India (@VPSecretariat) December 3, 2019
Expressing deep concern at the evidently severe problems faced by differently-abled, in terms of their social and economic conditions, Naidu said that we must build an inclusive society that is respectful and sensitive to the needs of the differently-abled.
He spoke of the need to provide the right nutrition and care to pregnant mothers and young children and to create good and accessible medical facilities across rural India.
Stating that early identification of disability is crucial, he said that it would enable us to undertake effective interventions from the beginning for rehabilitation measures and empowerment of the affected persons. “There is also a need to harmonize the immunization and disease prevention programmes with appropriate rehabilitative models at least at the District level”, he added, citing eradication of Polio is an excellent example of such coordinated efforts.
To minimise the disabilities from accidents, we need to improve road and workplace safety.
Referring to government reports that say road injuries caused 65% more disabilities in 2016 than in 1990, the Vice President called for improving road safety and spreading awareness about safe driving. He termed the recent amendments in the Motor Vehicles Act as a step in the right direction.
The Vice President emphasized that a change in society’s attitude towards disability is crucial and added that differently-abled persons are not objects of ‘sympathy’ and ‘pity’ and must instead be given ‘empathy’ and ‘support’.
Naidu said that all schools must strive to inculcate sensitivity towards disability in children early in their lives.
He applauded mainstream Indian cinema for creating many appreciable movies on the topic of disability and said that it is a good trend that needs to be further encouraged to change people’s perception of disability.
The Vice President applauded the Government’s initiatives to systematically address the challenges faced by the persons with disabilities, such as the amendment of Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act in 2016.
Stating that education is the key to empowerment of every person including persons with disabilities, Naidu called for setting up more inclusive schools and special schools to ensure that each disabled child gets good quality education.
Observing that creating an accessible environment for persons with disabilities is of paramount importance, the Vice President said that there is a need to develop collaborative efforts among all stakeholders for developing a barrier-free environment for the Persons with Disabilities. He urged the corporate and the private entities to take all steps possible to make their infrastructure accessible to persons with disabilities.
Speaking of the need to include persons with disabilities in social and cultural activities, especially in sporting events, Naidu said that it would instil a sense of inclusion and confidence amongst persons with disabilities. He also applauded our sportspersons have constantly done the country proud in Paralympics.
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