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DEFENCE-SECURITY

US Approves Sale Of Integrated Air Defence Weapon System to India

The Trump Administration has notified the US Congress of its determination to sell India the IADWS.

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Courtesy: David Monniaux via Wikimedia Commons

WASHINGTON DC (United States): The US has approved the sale of an Integrated Air Defense Weapon System to India for an estimated cost of USD 1.867 billion (approx Rs. 13,000 crores) to modernise its armed forces and to expand its existing air defence architecture to counter threats posed by air attack.

The Trump Administration has notified to the US Congress of its determination to sell India the Integrated Air Defense Weapon System (IADWS), the Defence Security Cooperation Agency said Monday.

The deal could be sealed during President Trump’s visit to India. US President Donald Trump will visit India on February 24-25, 2020.


India wants to purchase Integrated Air Defense Weapon System (IADWS) from the US to modernize its defence forces.

The new technology to modernize its armed forces and expand its existing air defense system to avoid the threat of airstrikes.

The IADWS package that has been approved includes a range of sensors, weapons systems, and support equipment. Included in the potential sale are  AN/MPQ-64Fl Sentinel radar systems, AMRAAM AIM-120C-7/C-8 missiles and associated guidance and control equipment, and Stinger FIM-92L missiles. The sale also includes M4A1 rifles, M855 5.56mm cartridges, and a range of other associated equipment.

“This proposed sale will support the foreign policy and national security of the United States by helping to strengthen the U.S.-Indian strategic relationship and improve the security of a major defensive partner, which continues to be an important force for political stability, peace, and economic progress in the Indo-Pacific and South Asia region,” the DSCA release noted.


“India intends to use these defence articles and services to modernize its armed forces, and to expand its existing air defence architecture to counter threats posed by air attack,” the U.S. statement continued. “This will contribute to India’s military goal to update its capability while further enhancing greater interoperability between India, the U.S., and other allies.  India will have no difficulty absorbing these systems into its armed forces.”

In addition to the deal, the Indian government is looking for cabinet approval for the purchase of Sea Hawk helicopter.

It is expected that PM Modi’s Cabinet Committee on Security will approve the purchase of 24 MH-60R Seahawk helicopters for the Indian Navy in two weeks.

Helicopters will be deployed on the ships of Indian Navy. The Indian government has been negotiating the deal with Lockheed Martin for a long time.

It may be noted that the US government had previously expressed its displeasure when India signed an agreement with Russia to buy five S-400 air defence systems for five billion dollars (about 35000 crore rupees).

India’s indigenous Air Defence System:


Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is also developing several indigenous air defence systems like Akash Mk1 and Akash Mk1S. Akash Mk1 has already become operational while DRDO is researching the other one.

DRDO is also working on another indigenously developed low-altitude interceptor Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QRSAM). This missile is in trials. Indian Army is also using the Israeli surface-to-air Python Debry (SPYDer) system. This Israeli system is useful for medium-range threats at low altitudes.

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AGENTS OF CHANGE

IDSA Renamed as Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

The decision has been taken to honour the commitment and legacy of late Manohar Parrikar.

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NEW DELHI: The Government has decided to rename ‘The Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses’ (IDSA) as ‘Manohar Parrikar Institute for Defence Studies andAnalyses’. The decision has been taken to honour the commitment and legacy of late Manohar Parrikar. It will align the vision and aspiration of the premier defence Institute with the contribution of the former Raksha Mantri and Padma Bhushan awardee.

Raksha Mantri chairs the Executive committee of the lnstitute’s society.

An epitome of integrity and dedication in public life, throughout his career, late Manohar Parrikar showed a tremendous fighting spirit, taking on the odds with fearlessness. He was Raksha Mantri from November 9, 2014 –March 14, 2017, and steered the Ministry through the tough challenges of attacks like Pathankot and Uri and responded to these with exemplary boldness.


When late Manohar Parrikar was Raksha Mantri, India witnessed a series of decisions that enhanced India’s security capacities, boosted indigenous defence production and bettered the lives of ex-servicemen.

His biggest contribution was towards the implementation of long-standing One Rank One Pension (OROP) demand for the Armed Forces.

He initiated major military reforms with the objective of having a better teeth-to-tail ratio by setting up an expert committee under Lt Gen (Retd) DB Shekatkar for enhancing combat capability and rebalancing defence expenditure.

An autonomous body under the Ministry of Defence, IDSA was established as a registered society in New Delhi in 1965, dedicated to objective research and policy-relevant studies on all aspects of defence and security.

Its aim is to promote national and international security through the generation and dissemination of knowledge on defence and security-related issues. To achieve its goals, the institute undertakes scholarly research, policy-oriented research, dissemination of research findings, training and capacity building and public education.


The IDSA has a well-qualified multi-disciplinary research faculty drawn from academia, defence forces etc., representing a diversity of views. Research at the Institute is driven by a comprehensive agenda and the need to provide impartial analyses and policy recommendations.

Since its inception, IDSA has served as a forum to debate important aspects of national and international security.

The institute conducts several national and international conferences every year and regularly holds round tables and workshops on important developments.

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CHANGE ON THE GROUND

Joint Military Commands By 2022, Separate Theatres For J&K And Maritime Threat: CDS Bipin Rawat

Theatre commands, which will include Army, Navy and Air Force personnel, will be out by 2022.

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NEW DELHI: The Western and the Eastern Command of the Indian Navy will be merged into a single command, to be called the Peninsular Command, and theatre commands will be rolled out by 2022, the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) General Bipin Rawat said Monday as he outlined his military vision for India.

Noting that threats of another 2008 Mumbai-style attacks remain, Gen Rawat said the security of peninsular India should remain under one command.

Our plan is to create a Peninsula Command with the merger of Navy’s Eastern and Western Command. The area of the command is planned to start from Sir Creek area in west and Sunderbans in east and downwards,” he said speaking to reporters at South Block which houses his office in the capital.


A peninsula command under the Navy that will deal with maritime security should come in earlier as a directive for a study is expected to be out by March 31. “The study should be completed within three-four months and by the end of next year, the command under one naval commander should start functioning,” General Bipin Rawat said. Gen Rawat said the commands could vary from two to five commands.

By the end of the year, a study for theatreisation or joint commands will be in place. The study is to be completed within three months. By 2022, theatre commands should roll out. The number of theatre commands could vary from 2, 4 or 5,” Gen Rawat added.

The Navy chief will have operational control of the command, which will have “some” assets of both IAF and the Navy, said Gen Rawat, adding that the order for the implementation of the command will be issued by year-end.


As India’s first CDS, Gen Rawat is tasked with improving the integration between the three services.

He informed that a study has been ordered under the Air Force Vice Chief, on the Air Defence Command, which will be helpful in avoiding fratricides and timely implementation of orders in case of aerial attacks.

General Bipin Rawat added that the shape of different theatre commands would be clear after the studies to be ordered in this regard are completed.

He said India is looking at overseas bases for logistics.

Air Force To Lead New Air Defence Command: 


The Air Force will be the lead agency for Air Defence Command that has already been announced. By March 31, the study will be completed and the report should be ready by April 10. The implementation order for the air defence command is expected by year-end, Gen Rawat said.

All air defence assets, including the long-range surface-to-air missiles will come under this command. This would include the coast air defence too,” the CDS said. The move, Gen Rawat said, is to avoid any confusions, friendly fire and timely implementation of orders in case of aerial attacks.

He also said joint training, and uniformity in procurement procedures will be a key priority.

Theatre Commands By 2022:

Theaterisation means putting specific units of personnel from the three services — Army, Navy and Air Force — under a common theatre commander so they fight as a cohesive unit. Both the US and China follow a theatre command doctrine.

The study will look into several issues, such as having one command or two separate ones to tackle China — one East of Nepal and another West of Nepal, or whether the Northern Command could be split into two while keeping Jammu & Kashmir as a single unit.

The study will delve into all these issues. However, it is felt that Jammu and Kashmir should be a separate theatre, including the IB (International Boundary) part. Right now the LoC part comes under the Northern Command, but the IB part is under the Western Command,” he said.

We plan to complete the study by 2021 and start issuing directives. The aim is to start theatreisation by 2022,” he said.

There are about 19 military commands in the country and only two of them are tri-service commands – Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC) and the Strategic Forces Command, which looks after nuclear assets.


It is felt that reducing the commands and making them function under one umbrella with representation from all three forces, depending on the region and threat assessment, will make the military more effective.

China and the USA function under this model, and there have been suggestions that the Indian military follows a similar tri-service command system.

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DEFENCE-SECURITY

Navy Chief Admiral Karambir Singh’s Myanmar Visit To Strengthen Indian Ocean Influence

Myanmar Navy is a member of the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium and participates in IONS activities.

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YANGON (Myanmar): Admiral Karambir Singh, Chief of the Naval Staff, Indian Navy is visiting Myanmar from 17 to 20 February 2020. The visit is intended to consolidate and enhance the bilateral maritime relations between India and Myanmar.

During his visit, the CNS will hold bilateral discussions with Admiral Tin Aung San, C-in-C Myanmar Navy and also call on H.E. Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, C-in-C Defence Services, and other senior Government officials.

CNS will interact with the trainees of National Defence College in Nay Pyi Taw, and also visit the Naval Dockyard and Training Command of the Myanmar Navy in Yangon.


Myanmar Navy is a member of the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS) and participates in the activities conducted under the IONS construct.

Indian Navy regularly interacts with Myanmar Navy through the medium of Staff Talks, Joint Working Group Meeting on Maritime Cooperation and other operational interactions which include Port visits, Coordinated Patrols, Bilateral Exercises, Training, and Hydrography etc.

In addition, both the Navies also interact during maritime activities such as Admiral’s Cup, Goa Maritime Conclave and Exercise MILAN.

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