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P Parameswaran, Renowned Thinker, Founder of Bharatheeya Vichara Kendram, Passes Away At 93 In Kerala

Parameswaran was honoured with Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian award, in 2018.

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PALAKKAD (Kerala): World-renowned social thinker, reformer, writer and veteran RSS Pracharak Shri P Parameswaran passed away in the early hours of Sunday. He was 93 years old. He was undergoing Ayurvedic treatment at Ottappalam in Palakkad district, Kerala.

His body was brought to the RSS headquarters in Kochi on Sunday morning for people to pay their last respects. The cremation will be held in Muhamma in the evening.

Fondly called Parameswar Ji, he was national general secretary and vice president of the erstwhile Bharatiya Jana Sanh and the founder-director of the Bharatheeya Vichara Kendram.


Born in 1927 in Muhamma, Alappuzha district, he graduated from University College, Thiruvananthapuram with distinctions in BA (Hons.) in History. He joined the RSS during his student days.

Parameswar Ji worked with towering leaders like Deendayal Upadhyaya, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and L K Advani when he was active in the Jana Sangh.

He was honoured with Padma Vibhushan, the country’s second-highest civilian award in 2018 and Padma Shri in 2004.


Parameswaran Ji was a prolific writer, poet and researcher who is best known for his works on Sree Narayana Guru, analysis of Kerala’s spiritual renaissance movement and comparative study on Vivekananda and Marx.

His body has been brought to the RSS headquarters in Kochi on Sunday morning and will be brought to Thiruvananthapuram by evening for people to pay their last respects. The cremation will be held in Muhamma tomorrow.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid homage to Shri P Parameswaran.

Home Minister Amit Shah too expressed his sadness at the demise of the intellectual giant:

A Scholar, great thinker and social worker, Parameswaran Ji was born in 1927 at Cherthala in Alappuzha district of Kerala State. He graduated from University College, Thiruvananthapuram with distinctions in BA (Hons.) in History.

A poet, writer and excellent orator from his college days, Parameswaran Ji entered the realm of social work as a Pracharak of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.

Later in 1957, he was entrusted with the task of building up the Bharatheeya Jan Sangh in Kerala as its State Organizing Secretary. In 1968, he became the All India General Secretary and later Vice-President of the Jana Sangh.


During the days of Emergency, he courted arrest as part of the all India Satyagraha against it and was jailed for 16 months.

In 1977, Parameswaran Ji moved from Politics to the sphere of social thought and development. He was Director of the Deendayal Research Institute at New Delhi for four years.

In 1982, he came back to his home state and gave shape to a new organization; Bharatheeya Vichara Kendram aimed at national reconstruction through study and research. It has its headquarters in Thiruvananthapuram and has units all over the state.

Parameswaran Ji, during his last days, was the Director of Bharatheeya Vichara Kendram. It functions also as a Centre for moulding public opinion in favour of national needs and concerns.

He has also been associated with the Vivekananda Rock Memorial and Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari, and has served in various capacities in the governing body of the Kendra. He is currently all India President of Vivekananda Kendra.

Parameswaran Ji led a life wholly dedicated to social service, especially as a social philosopher and thinker. From early childhood, he had a great inclination towards the study of Hinduism. He was intimately connected with most of the Hindu social and cultural organizations.

He took initiation from Sri. Ramakrishna Mission and was a close associate and disciple of Swami Agamananda social reformer and founder of Advaita Ashram at Kalady, the birthplace of Adi Sankara. Well-informed in the philosophy of Vedas, Upanishads, and Gita he followed in detail the thoughts and writings of Western thinkers like Karl Marx and Arnold Toynbee and the Indian seers like Swami Vivekananda, Sri. Aurobindo, Mahatma Gandhi and Deendayal Upadhyaya.

He has been ceaselessly writing articles and books on social, cultural and religious themes. He is also a gifted orator, with a great command of words and a greater depth of insight. He has delivered lectures all over the country on national issues. He participated in the Centenary celebrations of Swami Vivekananda`s address at the World Parliament of Religions held at Chicago in 1993.

Parameswaran Ji was honoured with Padma Vibhushan, the country’s second-highest civilian award in 2018 and Padma Shri in 2004.

He was appointed as the member of the Court (Senate) of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi in 2000.

He was awarded the Bhaiji Hanuman Prasad Poddar Award instituted by Bada Bazaar Library of Calcutta in 1997, in recognition of this effort in reaching the lofty principles of Hinduism to the common man.


Moreover, he is a winner of the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for his book titled “Disa Bhotathinte Darshanam”.

His Social Thoughts:

In the eighties, he took the initiative to call for an end to the mindless political violence in Kerala and put forward the idea of Ideological debate in the place of armed conflict.

This was widely welcomed by the wise men of Kerala and set the trend to end the bitter violence. He is an acclaimed scholar and advocate of the vision of Swami Vivekananda and Sri Aurobindo. His biography of Sri Narayana Guru is one of the well-researched studies on the life and teaching of the reformer saint of Kerala.

In 1998, as an answer to the rising crime rate, delinquency and other social evils in Kerala, Parameswaran Ji proposed observation of ‘a Bhagavad Gita decade’.

Popularising the Bhagavad-Gita as a comprehensive life science was his solution to the social problems of Kerala and the whole of India. This suggestion was well received by other social and religious leaders and organizations.

By a joint effort of several social and religious organizations, a massive movement for spreading Gita awareness started in Kerala.

Eminent personalities like Dr Padma Subramaniam, Justice Sukumaran etc. attended the function, which was formally inaugurated by Sri. Ananda Kumar, Union Minister for Culture, Youth Affairs and Sports.

The International Seminar on Bhagavad-Gita Gita and Modern Problems held at Thiruvananthapuram from December 4-7, 2000, in which 1500 youths, scholars and saints from all over India and abroad including Dr Murali Manohar Joshi, Union HRD Minister and his Holiness The Dalai Lama participated, was organized under the guidance of Parameswaran Ji.

It has now become a movement with the active participation of the youth from the universities and also from every walk of life

Parameshwaran was the Chief Editor of journals‑ ‘Kesari’, ‘Manthan’, ‘Yuva Bharathy’ and the quarterly Vivekananda Kendra Patrika and ‘Pragati’ Quarterly Research Journal.

He has authored the following books on Indian philosophy and society:

  1. Sri Narayana Guru the Prophet of Renaissance
  2. Sri Aravindan Bhaviyude Darsanikan
  3. Vishwa Vijayi Vivekanandan
  4. Marx and Vivekananda
  5. From Marx to Maharshi
  6. Bhagavad Gita – Vision of a New World Order
  7. Beyond All Isms to Humanism
  8. Heart Beats of a Hindu Nation (Compilation of selected editorials in Yuva Bharathy)
  9. Yajna Prasadam (Selected Poems)
  10. Disabodhathinate Darshanam (Selected Essays in Malayalam)
  11. Bhagavad-Gita The Nectar of Immortality (Collection of Essays on Gita)
  12. Marunna Samoohavum Maratha Mulyangalum
  13. Gita’s Vision Of An Ideal Society
  14. Udharedathmanathmanam
  15. Makarajyotis(A brief study of Swami Vivekananda in Malayalam)
  16. Darshanasamvadam
  17. Swanthantra Bharatham-Gatiyum Niyathiyum
  18. Hindudarmavum Indian Communisavum
  19. Vivekanandanum Prabhudha Keralavum (Edited)
  20. Hindutva Ideology – Unique and Universal
  21. Heart Beats of Hindu Nation (3 volumes)

(With inputs from Vichara Kendram, Kerala)

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AGENTS OF CHANGE

World Cotton Day: Smriti Irani Launches First-Ever Brand Logo For Indian Cotton

India’s premium Cotton would now be known as ‘Kasturi Cotton’ in the world cotton trade.

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NEW DELHI: Smriti Zubin Irani, Union Minister of Textiles and Women & Child Development launched the 1st ever Brand & Logo for Indian Cotton on 2nd World Cotton Day on October 7, 2020, through Video Conferencing.

India’s premium Cotton would now be known as ‘Kasturi Cotton’ in the world cotton trade.

The Kasturi Cotton brand will represent Whiteness, Brightness, Softness, Purity, Luster, Uniqueness and Indianness.

Speaking on this occasion, Irani said that this is a much-awaited moment that TODAY the Indian Cotton has been endowed with a Brand and Logo. This event becomes more important as the 2nd World Cotton Day is being celebrated world over today.


The Minister recounted the importance of Cotton in the Indian economy:

Cotton is one of the principal commercial crops of India and it provides livelihood to about 6o lakh cotton farmers.

India is the 2nd largest cotton producer and the largest consumer of cotton in the world.


India produces about 6.00 million tons of cotton every year which is about 23% of the world cotton.

India produces about 51% of the total organic cotton production of the world, which demonstrates India’s effort towards sustainability.

Smt. Irani said that to ensure sustainability, integrity and end-to-end traceability of the organic products, a certification system based on comparable international standards verified through an internationally acceptable institutional system is required to be put in place.

Accordingly, the Ministry of Textiles through APEDA under Ministry of Commerce and Industry has prescribed a certification system for organic Cotton which will be introduced in phases in the entire textile value chain.

Similarly, prescribing a certification system for non-organic Cotton has also been taken up with APEDA so that usages of cotton can be suitably augmented.


The Minister stated that Cotton Corporation of India (CCI) made ever highest Minimum Support Price (MSP) operation of cotton and hopeful that during the new cotton season, the procurement under MSP will be increased.

CCI has opened 430 procurement centres in all cotton-growing states and payments are being made digitally to farmers’ account within 72 hours.

Further, leveraging the technology, a mobile app, “Cott-Ally” has been developed by CCI for providing latest news regarding weather condition, Crop situation and best farm practices.

A discount of Rs.300/- per candy is being offered by CCI in its regular sale to MSME mills, Khadi and Village industry, Cooperative sector mills to enhance their competitiveness and efficiency.

It was also stated that cotton may be used across all dimension of Technical Textiles.

Further, Irani intimated that the government has passed bills for the welfare of the farmers, which also be beneficial to the industries.

The minister also attended the inaugural session of the webinar organised by TEXPROCIL and CITI on the theme of “NEW-LOOK COTTON” to facilitate the exchange of ideas on the emerging scenarios in cotton usage and application.

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AGENTS OF CHANGE

Strategically Important Atal Tunnel In Rohtang Open Now

It is the world’s longest tunnel above an altitude of 3,000 metres.

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MANALI (Himachal Pradesh): Prime Minister Narendra Modi today inaugurated the strategically important all-weather Atal Tunnel at Rohtang in Himachal Pradesh. PM Modi was accompanied by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh Jai Ram Thakur, Minister of State for Finance Anurag Singh Thakur, Chief of Defence Staff, CDS Gen Bipin Rawat and Army Chief General Manoj Mukund Naravane.

Earlier CDS General Rawat and Army Chief General Naravane received the Prime Minister at the South Portal of Atal Tunnel of Rohtang. Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh Jai Ram Thakur received the PM at Sase Helipad at Manali.

Atal Tunnel, the longest highway tunnel in the world was built by the Border Roads Organisation. The tunnel reduces the distance between Manali and Leh by 46 km and the travel time by four to five hours. The 9.02-km tunnel connects Manali to Lahaul-Spiti valley throughout the year, the valley was earlier cut off for about six months every year due to heavy snowfall.


The Atal Bihari Vajpayee government had taken the decision to construct a strategic tunnel below the Rohtang Pass on June 3, 2000, and the foundation stone for the access road to the south portal of the tunnel was laid on May 26, 2002.

In December 2019, the Government decided to name the Rohtang Tunnel as Atal Tunnel in honour of the former Prime Minister and scholar Atal Bihari Vajpayee who had passed away the previous year.

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In the absence of protocols, devices would not be able to understand the electronic signals that they send while communicating over network connections. Nowadays, protocols use packet switching techniques to send and receive messages in the form of packets. These messages are again divided, collected, and reassembled at their destination. Numerous computer network protocols serve defined purpose and environment.

Highlights:

  1. The Atal Tunnel is constructed at an estimated cost of Rs 3500-4000 crores.
  2. It reduces the distance between Leh and Manali by 46 km, the tunnel will bring down the driving time by around 4 hours.
  3. The BRO built this tunnel in the shape of a horseshoe.
  4. It is the world’s longest tunnel above an altitude of 3,000 metres.
  5. It is a 10.5-metre wide single tube bi-lane tunnel with a fireproof emergency egress tunnel built into the main tunnel itself.
  6. With the help of this tunnel, connectivity to the remote border areas of Himachal Pradesh and Ladakh will easily be possible, regardless of the weather conditions.
  7. The opening of the Atal Tunnel will bring a boost in tourism activities in the Lahaul-Spiti region and will also simultaneously create more employment opportunities for locals in the area.
  8. The tunnel also provides a telephone facility on every 150 meters, a fire hydrant on every 60 meters, an emergency exit on every 500 meters, a turning cavern on every 2.2 km, an air quality monitoring on every 1 km, a broadcasting system, and an automatic incident detection system with CCTV cameras on every 250 meters.
  9. The construction of this tunnel consumed 14,508 metric tonnes of steel, 2,37,596 metric tonnes of cement, and 14 lakh cubic meters of soil and rocks.
  10. This tunnel is unique in its own way as it is India’s first tunnel to have an escape tunnel within the main tunnel due to the topography. It is also the first tunnel to deploy the Rowa flyer technology, which allows engineers to work at inverted levels.
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AGENTS OF CHANGE

Railways Generates 10 Lakh Man-Days Of Employment Under Garib Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyaan

Rs 2190.7 crores have been released to the contractors for the projects being implemented.

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NEW DELHI: Indian Railways has generated 10,66,246 man-days of work till September 25, 2020, under Garib Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyaan in 6 States viz. Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.

Piyush Goyal, Minister of Railways and Commerce & Industry is closely monitoring the progress made in these projects and generation of work opportunities for the migrant labours of these states under this scheme. Around 164 Railway infrastructure projects are being executed in these states.

Till September 25, 2020, 12,276 workers have been engaged in this Abhiyaan and the payment of Rs 2190.7 crores has been released to the contractors for the projects being implemented.


Railway has appointed nodal officers in each district as well as in the States so that close coordination is established with the State Government.

Railway has identified no. of Railway works which are being executed under this scheme. The works are related to

(i) construction and maintenance of approach roads for level crossings
(ii) development & cleaning of silted waterways, trenches and drains along the track
(iii) construction and maintenance of approach road to railway stations
(iv) repair and widening of existing railway embankments/cuttings
(v) plantation of trees at the extreme boundary of railway land
(vi) protection works of existing embankments/ cuttings/bridges


It may be noted that Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched massive employment-cum-rural public works campaign named Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan to empower and provide livelihood opportunities in areas/villages witnessing a large number of returnee migrant workers affected by the devastating COVID-19 on June 20, 2020.

The PM announced that an amount of Rs 50,000 crores would be spent for building durable rural infrastructure under the Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan.

This Abhiyaan of 125 days, is being undertaken in mission mode and involves focused implementation of 25 categories of works/ activities in 116 districts, each with a large concentration of returnee migrant workers in 6 states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Odisha.

Public works are being undertaken during this campaign will have a resource envelope of Rs. 50,000 crores.

The Abhiyaan is a convergent effort between 12 different Ministries/Departments, namely; Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Road Transport & Highways, Mines, Drinking Water & Sanitation, Environment, Railways, Petroleum & Natural Gas, New & Renewable Energy, Border Roads, Telecom and Agriculture, to expedite implementation of 25 public infrastructure works and works relating to augmentation of livelihood opportunities.


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