Parshuram Jayanti or Parshuram Dwadasi is celebrated as the birth anniversary of the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The Kalki Puran states that Parshuram is the martial guru of Shri Kalki the tenth and final incarnation of the avatar of Lord Vishnu in Kalyug.
God Parshuram was born on the third day of Shukla Paksha of the Hindi month of Vaisakha. He was born during Pradosh Kala and hence, on this day when Tritiya prevails during Pradosh Kala, it is considered best for Parshuram Jayanti celebrations.
In 2020, Parshuram Jayanti falls on Saturday, April 25, followed by Akshaya Tritiya on Sunday, April 26. The Tritiya Tithi or Muhurat will commence from 11:51 AM on April 25, 2020, and will end on 01:22 PM on April 26, 2020.
Parshuram means Rama with an axe. Thus, Bhagwan Shri Parshuram carries an axe in his hand, a weapon which symbolizes truth, courage and the destruction of vanity or pride.
It is believed that on this day he descended on Earth to save it from the barbarity of the Kshatriyas. Parshuram had immense knowledge, was a great warrior and lived for the benefit of mankind. His character seems flawless in the ancient religious texts.
It is believed that unlike the other avatars of Lord Vishnu, Parshuram is immortal and resides in the mountains. Thus, he is not worshipped as Ram or Krishna.
There are many temples of Lord Parshuram on the western coast of India, and a major temple exists at Pajaka near Udupi, Karnataka.
Get special blessings on Parshuram Jayanti by chanting the following verses:
‘ॐ ब्रह्मक्षत्राय विद्महे क्षत्रियान्ताय धीमहि तन्नो राम: प्रचोदयात्।।’
‘ॐ जामदग्न्याय विद्महे महावीराय धीमहि धन्नो परशुराम: प्रचोदयात्।।’
‘ॐ मां मां ॐ मां मां परशुहस्ताय नम:।।’
On this day:
- Devotees observe a fast, the day before the night and through the Tritiya day.
- They bathe before sunrise, wear tidy Puja clothes and offer prayers to Lord Vishnu. They also smear sandalwood to the idol and place basil leaves, vermillion, flowers, and sweets before the deity.
- People refrain from consuming pulses or cereals and survive the day on fruits, juices, milk or Satvik food.
More About the Jayanti:
Lord Parshuram, the sixth incarnation of Vishnu, was born to Renuka and Jamadagni, one of the Saptrishis or Seven Rishis. He is considered to be the epitome of devotion and love for parents.
Legend has it that Lord Parshuram got his Parshu (axe) from Lord Shiva, of whom he was an ardent devotee.
It is also said that Lord Parshuram created the western part of Indian coastal land, including the states of Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Maharashtra, as we know them today.
As per Hindu texts, it is believed that once his father, after a heated argument with his mother asked him to kill her. Without a second thought, Parshuram instantly killed his mother. Impressed by his obedience, he asked him for a boon on which he was quick to ask back for his mother’s life by just saying ”Mother”. Hence, he got back his mother’s life without lifting any weapon or hurting anybody.
According to the epic Mahabharata Vana Parva /Hari Vansh Purana, Kartavirya Arjuna was a legendary king of an ancient empire called Haihayas (in Madhya Pradesh), who became self-obsessed with his powers. Arrogance made him resort to atrocities against humans, Gods, and Yakshas.
Along with other Kshatriyas, he indulged in destructive acts that made life difficult for commoners.
During the same period, he happened to visit the hermitage of Renuka and Jamadagni who warmly welcomed him. But a vain Kartavirya was blind-folded with pride and in exchange for the couple’s kindness, he demanded an offensive return. Jamadagni denied his offer and was killed.
The ruthless king also slaughtered his sacred cow Kamadhenu.
Goddess Earth invoked Lord Vishnu to save living beings from the cruelties of Kshatriyas. To help the goddess, Lord Vishnu reincarnated as the son of Renuka and Jamdagani.
To avenge his father’s death Parshuram killed Kartavirya and pledged to destroy the Kshatriya monarchs. Fearing death, the kings fled to distant places. Parshuram, however, defeated the king and Kshatriyas to free the Earth from their violence and brutality. Thus, peace was restored.
Kashyap Muni who was a testimony to this sight pacified Parshuram and asked him to leave Earth and reside in the mountains. Since then, Lord Parshuram has been residing on the Mahendra mountain.
He is the only Vishnu avatar who never dies, never returns to abstract Vishnu and lives in meditative retirement.
Further, he is the only Vishnu avatar that co-exists with other Vishnu avatars Rama and Krishna in some versions of the Ramayana and Mahabharata respectively.
Parshuram was known for his love for righteousness. He was known to be the Guru to Bhishma, Dronacharya and Karna. However, in advance, Parshuram knew that Karna would do injustice to Duryodhan in the Kurukshetra war. So as the duty of a good guru, he decides to teach him the Brahmashastra, but he also cursed Karna that the knowledge will not be any use to him.
According to the folklore, Parshuram gave the Sudharshan chakra to Lord Krishna.
It is believed that the main motto of Vishnu’s sixth incarnation was to free the earth’s burden by assassinating the sinful and irreligious kings who neglected their duties.
According to another legend, Parshuram once went to meet Lord Shiva. As he reached the door, Lord Ganesh confronted Parshuram and stopped him from meeting with Lord Shiva. Angry and furious, Parshuram threw the axe given by Lord Shiva on Ganesha. Knowing that the axe was given by Lord Shiva, Ganesha allowed the axe to cut away one of his tusks.
Another story mentioned in the Kalki Purana believes that Parshuram still resides on the earth.
It states that Parshuram will be the martial guru of Shri Kalki, who is going to be the last avatar of Lord Vishnu. He instructs Kalki to perform a long sacrament to please Lord Shiva. After being pleased Lord Shiva will bless Kalki with the celestial weaponry.