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CULTURE-HERITAGE

Beef Eating Contributes A Lot To Global Warming: Congress Leader Jairam Ramesh

I have always held this view that if you want to do something on global warming, become a vegetarian: Ramesh said.

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KOCHI (Kerala): “I know that the beef curry is a very important element in Kerala’s diet but there is no doubt in my mind that the carbon footprint of a non-vegetarian diet is greater than the carbon footprint of a vegetarian diet,” said Former Environment minister Jairam Ramesh MP in Kochi.

He was participating in a discussion on the ecosystem of Western Ghats at the Krithi International book fair, organised by a state government-controlled society.

Responding to a question on the role of veganism in fighting climate change, the Congress leader said the beef industry is a “huge culprit” in contributing to global warming and adoption of a vegetarian lifestyle would help fight the threat.


“I have always held this view that if you want to do something on global warming, become a vegetarian,” Ramesh said.

He said forests are cut down in countries like Argentina, Brazil and the US to make room for the cattle population which emit climate-damaging methane gas which is a more powerful greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide. He also said that the choice of food is a lifestyle issue.

Citing studies showing the cattle link to greenhouse gas methane, Ramesh at the same time acknowledged that beef curry was an important component of a person’s diet in Kerala. However, he reiterated that the carbon footprint of a non-vegetarian diet was more than that of a vegetarian diet.


He claimed that ancient Indians were non-vegetarians. “Somehow we got converted to vegetarianism may be because of the influence of Jainism and Buddhism,” he added.

The Congress leader also noted that Indians referred to the term ‘non-veg’ in a different way than the Americans.

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CULTURE-HERITAGE

22nd Ethnologue: Hindi 3rd Most Spoken Language In The World With 615 Million Speakers

Bangla has been ranked as the 7th most spoken language of the world, with 228 million native speakers.

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NEW DELHI: Hindi is the 3rd most spoken language of the world in 2019 with 615 million speakers. The 22nd edition of the world language database Ethnologue stated English at the top of the list with 1,132 million speakers. Chinese Mandarin is in second position with 1,117 million speakers.

Bangla has been ranked as the 7th most spoken language of the world. Bangla has 228 million native speakers.

Ethnologue brings out a yearly database of living languages of the world since its establishment in 1951.

The current round of the database covers 7,111 living languages of the world. In addition to living languages, Ethnologue also contains data on languages which have gone out of use in recent history. This edition lists 348 such languages.


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CHANGE ON THE GROUND

India Is The World’s First Country With 100% Digital Process For Haj 2020

Govt fulfilled the dream of “Ease of Doing Haj” for Indian Muslims: Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi.

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MUMBAI (Maharashtra): The Union Minister for Minority Affairs, Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi has said that 100 per cent digital/online Haj process in India has fulfilled the dream of “Ease of Doing Haj” for the Indian Muslims. He was addressing a training of trainers programme for Haj 2020 at Haj House, in Mumbai today.

Naqvi said that the unprecedented reforms taken by the Modi Government have ensured that while on one hand, the entire Haj process has been made digital and transparent on the other hand Haj has become affordable.

He further said that making the entire Haj process 100 per cent digital/online has removed middlemen ensuring Haj pilgrimage become affordable in comparison to last several decades.


Even after removal of Haj subsidy, no additional financial burden has been put on the pilgrims, he added.

The Minister for Minority Affairs said that India has become the first country in the entire world which has made the entire Haj 2020 process 100 per cent digital. Online application, E-Visa, Haj mobile app, “E-MASIHA” health facility, “E-luggage pre-tagging” providing all information in India itself regarding accommodation/transportation in Makkah-Madinah have been provided to Indian Muslims going for Haj.

He further said that for the first time facilities have been provided for digital pre-tagging of the baggage of pilgrims. This will ensure the Indian pilgrims will get information in India itself about building along with the room allotted to the pilgrims and transportation like details of the bus to be taken by the pilgrims after reaching to the airport in Saudi Arabia, he added.

Naqvi said that even SIM card has been linked to a mobile app which will ensure Haj pilgrims immediately getting all the latest information regarding Haj in Makkah-Madina on their mobile phone.

While on one hand health card is being provided to Indian Haj pilgrims in the country, on the other hand, “E-MASIHA” (E-Medical Assistance System for Indian Pilgrims Abroad), an online system to create and maintain the complete health database of Indian pilgrims along with doctors’ prescriptions, medical treatment as well as medicine disbursals, has been developed to deal any emergency in Makkah-Madinah, he said.


Naqvi also said that Haj Group Organisers (HGOs) have also been connected with 100 per cent digital system which has ensured transparency in their functioning and it has also ensured better facilities to Indian Haj pilgrims.

For the first time, a portal of HGOs – http://haj.nic.in/pto/ (Portal for Haj Group Organisers) has been developed which contains all the details of HGOs, their packages etc.

The Minister for Minority Affairs said that the Indian Government, in coordination-cooperation with Saudi Arabian Government, Indian Consulate and various concerned agencies in Saudi Arabia, is working to ensure safety and better facilities, medical facilities for the pilgrims during Haj 2020.

He further said that in 2020, a total of 2 lakh Indian Muslims will perform Haj that too without any subsidy and about 1 lakh 23,000 Indians Muslims will go through Haj Committee of India and remaining through Haj Group Organisers.

This year more than 2100 Muslim women will go to Haj without “Mehram” (male companion), he added.

A total of 650 trainers participated in this training programme. They will provide training to Haj pilgrims in their respective states regarding Haj pilgrimage, accommodation in Makkah and Madina, transport, health facilities, safety measures etc.


These trainers include a large number of women trainers also.

Officials from Haj Committee of India, Customs, Air India, Brihan Mumbai Municipal Corporation, various banks, disaster management agencies and other departments informed the trainers about the entire Haj process.

On the occasion, Naqvi also inaugurated Civil Services Learning Centre, Guest Rooms, Training Hall etc in Haj House, Mumbai.

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AGENTS OF CHANGE

Remembering ‘Nightingale of India’ On Her 141st Birth Anniversary

Born in a Bengali family in Hyderabad on February 13, 1879, Sarojini Naidu was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi and his ideas of Swaraj.

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NEW DELHI: India celebrates Sarojini Naidu’s birthday as National Women’s Day of India every year on February 13. Sarojini Naidu was India’s first women governor and also famous as ‘Bharat Kokila’.

Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879. She actively participated in the Indian National Movement for the independence of the country.

She was famous for her nickname ‘Nightingale of India’ because of her poems. Sarojini Naidu was not only a freedom fighter, but she also became the first woman governor of the United Provinces, the present Uttar Pradesh.


She was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1925 because of her political and educational abilities.

Sarojini Naidu had to travel to jail with Gandhiji while participating in the Indian freedom struggle for several times.

In 1942, Gandhiji started Quit India Movement and British Government kept Sarojini Naidu in imprisonment for 21 months.

Following India’s independence from the British rule in 1947, Sarojini Naidu was appointed as the governor of the United Provinces, today known as Uttar Pradesh today, making her India’s first woman governor.


Interesting Information About Sarojini Naidu:

• Sarojini was intelligent since childhood and passed the 12th standard examination at the young age of 12 years. She was written a poem called “Lady of the Lake” at the age of 13.
• Her first collection of poems was titled “Golden Threshold”. Sarojini’s poems “Bird of Time” and “Broken Wing” made her a well-known poetess of her time.
• Naidu met Gandhiji for the first time in England in 1914 and dedicated herself to the country.
• She became the second woman President of the Indian National Congress in 1925 and went to South Africa as the representative of India in 1932.
• She was awarded Kaiser-i-Hind for her work during the plague epidemic in India by the British Government in 1928.
• She passed away due to a heart attack on March 2, 1949, while working in her office in Lucknow.

Literary Works of Sarojini Naidu:

Apart from her staunch political career, Sarojini Naidu is widely known for her poetry which included both children’s poems and others written on more serious themes including patriotism, romance, and tragedy.

She began writing at the age of 12. Her mother, Barada Sundari Devi Chattopadhyay, was a poet and used to write poetry in Bengali.


• Golden Threshold published in 1905 was her first collection of poems
• The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death, and the Spring
• Feast of Youth
• The Magic Tree
• The Wizard Mask
• Muhammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity
• The Sceptred Flute: Songs of India, Allahabad: Kitabistan
• The Indian Weavers

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