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Delhi 7 September 2011: An Historical Perspective

The legendary colonial administrator, Col. Sleeman, while travelling through the nawabi territory of Oudh [Awadh] in 1849-50, was surprised to see at Bahraich both his Hindu and Muslim soldiers offering obeisance at a shrine built in memory of a general of Mohammad Ghazni.



The legendary colonial administrator, Col. Sleeman, while travelling through the nawabi territory of Oudh [Awadh] in 1849-50, was surprised to see at Bahraich both his Hindu and Muslim soldiers offering obeisance at a shrine built in memory of a general of Mohammad Ghazni.

On enquiry, he found that this alien Muslim general was responsible for wanton and unprovoked invasion of this Hindu territory and the massacre of many Hindus trying to fend off the invader. While Muslims (though many of them must have been recent converts to Islam) may have had an obligation to do what they did, the Hindu worshippers had neither logic, nor history, nor a modicum of sense of honor on their side. But then, they were slaves – they had no option.

Much to the surprise of  the Sleemans of the world, there are numerous monuments built in memory of such characters from Ajmer to Anhilwad [now Patan], Udaipur to Udaypuri (A.P), Vikramshila to Vaishali – many of them on the compulsory visiting list of our obeisance-offering VIP’s and gullible tourists! In fact, our collective amnesia and dogged refusal to learn the rudimentary facts of relevant history from an unending chain of Islamic terror-wreaking system may largely explain the UPA’s so-called lack of “political will”, its failure to either nab the Jihadis in Delhi or other successful Jihadi operators, as most recently in Mumbai, and get away without a scratch on its unsullied “secular” record a few days after the mayhem. Fortunately for our rulers, the nation, except those directly affected, goes into slumber soon after.

The latest attack in New Delhi on 7 September – certainly not the last – was not the first Jihadi attack on Delhi, but a millennium-old continuum. Those with some knowledge of history would remember the forces and ideology let loose on hapless Hindus / Jains in Delhi when 27 of their temples were razed to the ground, and a grand mosque built over the ruins, mostly with the remains from those very temples, in the 1190s, by Aibak, slave of Muhammad Ghori.

Those forces and ideology are still rampant. The negationists say this is part of our shared heritage! The only difference is that the earlier acts were perpetrated by alien invaders while the latest are the handiwork of zealots whose forefathers were Hindus/Buddhists etc, turned into tools of Arab/Islamic imperialism, with or without external support.

The mayhem on 7 Sept may also be traced to the preachings of another “renaissance” figure in 18thcentury Delhi – Shah Waliullah (1703-1762), who in his wasiyatnama called upon the “faithful”, “We are strangers. Our forefathers came to India from abroad – that there should not exist any religion in the world which was superior to Islam, and the slaughter of “Infidels also helped to diminish the evils away—”.

His followers like Sayyid Ahmad Shahid [Barelvi] wrote to foreign rulers to invade India and establish Dar-ul-Islam. Surely there are people and institutions in Delhi who uphold the message and memory of many Shah Waliullahs!

In many such attacks in the past, the Jihadis have candidly claimed to carry on the unfinished tasks initiated by Mohammad Ghazni, Mohammad Ghori, Firoze Shah Tughlaq, Aurangzeb  et al, and exhorted their committed followers to attack our Judiciary, Parliament and all the pillars of our polity. Their exhortations against the Indian state and our civilisational interests are eerily similar to the fulminations of the likes Arundhati Roy who sermonise the chosen few regularly along these lines.

If the on-going Jihad is going on quite successfully in India, even after its partition on a religious basis, we must acknowledge the consistent and substantial service rendered to that cause by our “secular” establishment. When our incompetent de jure Prime Minister merely condemns such “cowardly” attacks, it elicits ridicule from all. Jihadis feel emboldened after such vacuous statements from the authorities and our spurious “intellectuals”.

Soon after the latest Mumbai blast, a section of the Indian media tried to obfuscate issues blatantly. A mind-boggling editorial mentioned Congress-Shiv Sena political rivalry in Mumbai and the latter’s “politics of grievance”, but desisted from saying anything which could explain to its readers the repetitive and highly successful Jihadi attacks by active “sleeper-cells”, the underworld linked with sections of the entertainment industry, its Gulf ramifications, and the centrality of our communal votebank-based political culture. One NRI historian ridiculously ascribed the blast to the divisiveness set in motion by Shiv Sena and  its ‘nativist and Hindu nationalist political party”. When this writer wrote a letter that while Shiv Sena might have had a deleterious impact in Mumbai, one could equally look back to Muslim-Parsi riots of 1845 and the opposition Badruddin Tyabji faced from his co-religionists after his election as third President of the Congress in 1887, it was ignored. Such is their censorship of truth and encouragement of diversionary tactics!

Another columnist wrote, “Don’t give terrorists the satisfaction of having extracted a strong reaction from us”, while telling them that “they are certainly killing folks, but they are not getting too far in achieving any of their larger objectives, assuming they have some”. He suggested that as long as our large market remains unaffected, we must sit quietly, oblivious of their “larger objectives”. So they can successfully carry on one Jihadi attack after another, and if caught and punished, our “secular” politicians prevent/postpone execution of the death sentence for fear of “political consequences”. Because they had long-term objectives, there was total decimation of Hindus and Sikhs in Pakistan but no exchange of population from our side of the border. And many refugee-victims from Pakistan are today in the forefront of strengthening Muslim separatism by blatantly demanding communal job quotas, by declaring as our de jure Prime Minister did that Muslims have the first claim on our resources, and that both Pakistan and India are victims of terrorism and UPA itself was fomenting rebellion in Baluchistan! Indeed, we have a star-studded panel at the top.

Our ruling class prevents the potential victims from seeing the pattern – the umbilical cord that binds all such Jihadi perpetrators; this was reaffirmed when three “intellectuals” gave evasive answers on a panel discussion on the terrorist attack in a Sunday evening TV programme. One of them had once justified the invasion and destruction of Somnath; another believed that in the making of “modern India’ Syed Ahmad of Aligarh Muslim University & assorted “fame” and Mohammad Ali Jinnah played important roles, but not the likes Swami Vivekananda, Lokmanya Tilak or Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose etc etc.

The message is simple. There is an active lobby in India which is concealing the nature and ideological impulses behind the attacks. Hence our government had to do the unthinkable and stoop to manufacture the myth of Hindu and Saffron terrorism to “balance” the guilt on both sides. No one takes this seriously. But that Black lie carefully but insensitively manufactured by the likes of Chidambaram and Digvijay Singh and popularized by media, gave the BBC the opportunity to divert attention from the real perpetrators. On the 7 Sept. afternoon telecast, its newscaster (with an Indian name) said that given the diversity of the sources of terror – Islamic (they call it Islamist), Maoist and Hindus – operating in India, it was not clear who the perpetrators were. Mind you, this is Lord Reith’s legacy, the British Broadcasting Corporation, and that when England has never faced any attack from “saffronites” or Maoists.

The announcement of a special team to enquire into the blast went on giving us the CV of the officials. Let’s accept that they are the best, but does it solve the problem at hand, does it minimize the pain and angst of the people who lost their near and dear ones and all those potential victims who have been faced with the same terror over the centuries?

Our security apparatus and “experts” have hair-splitting arguments on the quantum of responsibility – the role of the one or other Jihadi outfit, whether it is Huji, Indian Mujahiddin, Lashkar-e-Toiba… They probably deliberately “miss” the fact that irrespective of nomenclature, these are devoted soldiers of a cause, and are loyal to the Ummah. The Islamic terrorist groups – state actors and non-state actors – are not separate water-tight compartments, nor are they like national cricket teams engaged in cut -throat competition to reach the top of the chart; rather, they are one composite whole, with unwavering commitment to the millat  [members of an ecumenical community], determined and consistent in achieving their  “Holy” political-religious objectives, viz., the Caliphate and decimation of “Unbelievers”. To their credit, the Jihadis don’t hide their agenda, history and the mission. That onerous task is left for our politicians, media persons, their employers and the “progressive” public-sector intellectuals and their international patrons.

As Jason Burke in his “9/11 Wars” put it, they are “an amorphous, dynamic and fragmented movement based more on personal relations and a shared world-view than on formal membership of an organisation”. Is it not astounding that we can’t quote any Indian “security expert” worth the name on such serious matters? Why is it so impossible for Indian “experts” to be truthful? They would lose their “secular” tag and everything that makes for a “successful” career and unending assignments.

Capacity-building: In his latest press conference our Hon’ble Home Minister said capacity-building takes time. Perhaps true, depending on what your agenda is. But a civilization at the receiving end should not take so much time. Emergency situations call for emergency response – not dilly dallying and cooking an alibi for non-action.

It is not so much the late arrival of the NSG team in Mumbai in 2008, nor the absence of CCTVs in Delhi High Court which are to blame, as the unwillingness of our political class to anticipate danger and prevent or minimize the assault. Just think if such a mayhem occurred on the rain-drenched 9 September – even our vehicles would not have moved, no ambulance could have reached, so many things would have to wait for hours…  

International dimension: The Home Minister’s jibe to his political adversaries on the failure of authorities in non-UPA controlled states to solve Jihadi-terrorist cases was perhaps a bit of a faux pas. Jihadis have a global nexus, and they can be pursued at the international level only – a task beyond the jurisdiction of Raipur, Lucknow, or Ahmedabad.

The Indian media systematically sought to paint Anna Hazare’s Ramlila gathering as a “majoritarian” venture and objected to the picture of Bharat Mata on the podium and showed discomfiture over the chanting of Bharat Mata, and crudely raised fingers about not including minorities blah blah blah! They gave wide coverage to the rantings of some maulvis. Such mischief by sections of the media to create an apparition of the emergence of Hindus Rashtra adds to the groundswell of centuries old conflict which shows no sign of abatement.

Root cause: In a TV discussion the evening of the High Court blast, on the root cause of such troubles, a retired Intelligence official referred to some of the ideologues’ idea of restoring Mughal power, another “expert” immediately blurted that another root cause was the arrest of members of a particular community after such attacks!

This was so repulsive that the writer had to switch it the television and could not hear the opinion of the anchor. May be some arrests are made from areas which police call “no-go-areas”, may some innocents are detained for questioning, but these cannot be called ‘root causes”; they are an inevitable collateral cost to the devastation caused in the name of one community’s supremacy.

As an irregular TV watcher, one is unaware of the identity of the “expert” who gave such an outlandish rationalization, but he was certainly covering up the truth. We, witnesses to a history of vandalism and destruction spanning a millennium, precisely know the root causes – the concepts of Jihad, Momins, Kafirs, Dar-ul-Harb, Dar-ul Islam…

Only, India’s ostrich-like secular-liberal establishment has strictly censured public discussion of such uncomfortable ideas.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this writing are solely of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of League of India, its Editorial Board or the business and socio-political interests that they might represent.

This article was first published on Vijayvaani website here

Prof. Saradindu Mukherji

Prof. Saradindu Mukherji teaches History at the University of Delhi, Delhi

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Karnataka’s Cong Government Seeks Separate Religion Status for Lingayats

Karnataka’s Siddaramaiah-led Congress government has decided to recognise Lingayats as an independent religion and seek approval from the Centre for the same. 



Karnataka’s Siddaramaiah-led Congress government has decided to recognise Lingayats as an independent religion (from Hinduism) and seek approval from the Centre for the same. The decision was taken after a cabinet meeting and consultation with Lingayat seers.

The Cabinet took the decision to accept recommendations of the Justice Nagamohan Das Committee, which had asked the state to accord a separate religion tag to the Lingayats.

If recognised as a minority religion, the Lingayats will be able to avail of benefits under Section 25, 28, 29 and 30 of the Constitution.

What makes the timing of the move particularly suspicious is that Karnataka is just about two months away from elections and Lingayats, who currently form 17% of Karnataka’s population, is a major vote bank for political parties.

In the recent decades, the Lingayats have emerged as strong supporters of the BJP. Experts suggest that if a separate religious status is granted to the community, the BJP will have a tough time explaining its ideological stance based on Hindu solidarity. Former Chief Minister and current CM candidate of the BJP, BS Yeddyurappa, is also from the Lingayat community.

The Congress, predictably, hopes to gain much from the desired branching.

The agitation is not a new one – and has forever revolved around a single core question viz., who are the Lingayats and what precisely is their religious identity?

Who are the Lingayats:

The tradition of Lingayatism is known to have been founded by social reformer and philosopher Basavanna in 12th century Karnataka. While there exists a debate around whether Basavanna founded the sect or if he merely reformed an existing order, there can be no doubt that under him the community acquired the form of a well-organised, structured mass movement. Followers of the sect continue to revere him as the founder and prime philosopher of their religion.

Social reformer and philosopher Basavanna (Wikimedia Commons)

Basava grew up in a Brahmin family with a tradition of Shaivism. As a leader, he developed and inspired a new devotional movement named Virashaivas, or “ardent, heroic worshippers of Shiva”. This movement shared its roots in the ongoing Tamil Bhakti movement, particularly the Shaiva Nayanars traditions, over the 7th- to 11th-century.

Basavanna’s vision of a societal order was one based on human freedom, equality, rationality, and brotherhood. He and his followers spread their ideas through vachanas (prose-lyrics) and their prime target was the caste hierarchy which they rejected with full force. In one of his vachanas, Basavanna asserts that “the birthless has no caste distinctions, no ritual pollution.”

Lingayat sect first emerged within the larger trend of Bhakti movements that had swept across South India from the 8th century AD onwards.

The Bhakti tradition was a social reform movement that took birth within Hinduism but strove to rectify what the followers saw as the unjust practices within the tradition.

But, historians like K Ishrawaran say that while the conventional Bhakti movements remained adjacent to the Hindu system, Lingayatism challenged the system in its most basic form and became a highly structured movement.

Other historians say that the most striking feature of this institutionalisation was that unlike other Bhakti movements, Lingayat status was hereditary in nature!

The desired differences aside, however, the one aspect that indicates the association of Lingayatism with Hinduism is the former’s relationship with Veerashaivism.

Veerashaivism is also a Shaiva sect within Hinduism and is predominantly located in Karnataka. It’s supporters claim that Basavanna was not the founder of the Lingayat tradition, but rather a reformer of an already existing religious tradition called Veerashaivism.

The Veerashaivas accept the Vedic texts and almost all Hindu practices.

Moreover, despite insisting upon the contrary, Lingayatism, quite like Jainism, does assimilate many aspects of Hinduism that are influenced by or drawn from the Upanishads and the Vedic traditions.

The close associations that the Lingayat followers share with Hinduism, both sociologically and historically, thus make it a complicated case of to be or not be Hindu.

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NIA Files Charge Sheet Against ISI Agent for Blackmailing Indian Army Lady Officer



Today (12th of March 2018) NIA filed a charge sheet before the NIA Special Court, Patiala House, New Delhi against accused Mohd Parvez in case no. RC-21/2017/NIA/DLI.

The allegations are that accused had sent obscene and morphed WhatsApp images and messages from a mobile phone and Facebook ID with a veiled threat to circulate them on social media, to the complainant (a woman), thereby causing mental harassment to her as well as threatening to ruin her reputation.

The woman, a colonel in the Indian Army posted in Delhi, complained to the Delhi Police. The case was handed over to the NIA.

This was done in pursuance of a deep-rooted conspiracy hatched by Pakistani Intelligence officials and the arrested accused with a view to compromise an officer of the Indian Army into divulging national security secrets.

The incident was reported in mid-September. By the end of the year, the case came to the NIA. In less than three months, the charge sheet has been filed. The woman officer told investigators that the man approached her with the alias Ikta Sharma.

Parvez, who lived in Delhi’s Chandni Chowk, was known to frequent Pakistan and had multiple SIM cards.

The charge sheet has been filed against accused MOHD PARVEZ, 43 years, a resident of 1867,
Gali Patte Wali, Sui Walan, Chandni Mahal, Delhi-110006 under section 120B read with sections 123, 354D, 417, 418, 420, 468, 471, 506 and 507 of IPC and sections 66E and section 67 of IT Act and substantive offences under sections 123, 354D, 417, 418, 420, 468, 471, 506 and 507 of IPC, sections 66E and 67 of IT Act 2000 and section 18 of UA(P) Act 1967.

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Maoists Deploying Pressure Mines

On February 7, 2018, one personnel of the Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) was injured in a pressure mine blast.



Pressure mines may not be lethal, but can certainly decapitate a person. On February 7, 2018, one personnel of the Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) was injured in a pressure mine blast in Chhattisgarh’s Narayanpur district, near Dhanora.

For over more than a decade, Naxalites of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), Maoists in short, have been widely deploying pressure mines, especially in Chhattisgarh’s Bastar region, as well as in other parts where they operate.

Speaking on May 16, 2006, the then district police chief of Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, said: “These mines will kill anyone who steps on them. The mine doesn’t distinguish between a policeman and a civilian. It is also for the first time in the country that the Visakhapatnam police have unearthed pressure mines.”

The intended target is security force personnel on patrol. While on duty, the fear of a blast constantly lurks in his mind and he has to be very cautious while walking; this is a distraction. If he is careless, he might get injured and lose a limb permanently; occasionally he may also die. An injured security force personnel is more expensive for the state as it raises the cost of fighting the rebels; the injured person has to be tended to and a replacement found.

Besides, innocent civilians and cattle have also been victims of pressure mines. During a visit to Bastar some years ago, this author met a school teacher, Triveni Devangana, in Narayanpur who had been injured by a pressure mine. The teacher was riding her moped very near the school when a pressure mine got triggered a mere three feet away from her. The mine had been planted adjacent to a bore well with a view to target security forces personnel who normally halt there to quench their thirst. But a young cattle-herd had found the device and it exploded when he began fiddling with it. Devangana lost sight in the right eye, suffered partial damage in the left eye and received severe burn injuries in the face.

A mother of two children and a Sahitya Ratna in Hindi, her family of modest economic means spent Rs 1.1 lakh for her treatment. The Maoists did not even care to ‘apologise’, which they do occasionally when innocent civilians fall victim to their violence.

It is sad and abhorring that the unintended targets of Maoist violence have often been civilians and innocent, speechless, animals. On a number of occasions, cattle grazing in the forest have been killed or injured in pressure mine blasts. There is no count of the number of cattle killed in these incidents.

Typically, a pressure mine is made by placing TNT or other explosives in a small, spherical container and attaching a blasting cap at the top of the container. The size of the blast depends upon the size of the container and the amount of explosive material packed inside. Pressure bombs are made with readily available materials and can be simple or complex; it all depends on the fabricator’s choice. “These bombs are easy to conceal. They are planted just below the surface of the earth. The pressure that a person would exert when he or she steps on it accidentally while walking normally is all that is needed to trigger-off an explosion.”, a senior Superintendent of Police told this author during an interview in July 2007.

The Maoists have gone a long way in indigenously and ingeniously fabricating weapons. Lately, they have developed crude rocket launchers that are not accurate but have “nuisance value”. Their arsenal now consists of a melange of weapons – 4,000 regular and another 6,000 country-made. These include sophisticated weapons such as SLRs, AK series rifles, INSAS rifles looted from the security forces, and weapons such as tapanchas that they have fabricated in their production units.

While the Maoists have beaten a tactical retreat, they are still a formidable force with an estimated 4,000 armed underground cadre spread across 106 districts in 10 States. The core is still intact. While some members of the apex and all-powerful Central Committee have been arrested, killed in encounters, or surrendered, the Central Military Commission, presently consisting of six members, which guides all armed activity, is intact. (A seventh member Jinugu Narasimha Reddy alias Jampanna surrendered to the police on December 22, 2017).

Therefore, there can be no room for complacency. The government’s four-pronged approach of security, development, public perception management and ensuring the rights and entitlement of local communities needs to be implemented earnestly and, more importantly, its monitoring has to be rigorous.

Views expressed are of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of League of India or of any of its partners.

Originally published by Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses ( here

P. V. Ramana

P V Ramana is Research Fellow at IDSA. A student of South Asian studies, he works on the Naxalite-Maoist movement in India. He is the editor of a book entitled The Naxal Challenge (2008), and author of the book Understanding India’s Maoists: Select Documents (2014).

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