Despite a ban on public smoking, around 29 percent of Indians were exposed to second-hand smoke outside their house while half faced it at their homes, according to a new study.
About five in ten adults (52.3 percent) were exposed to second-hand smoke at home and 29.0 percent at public places- mainly in public transport and restaurants.
The study found that 34.6 per cent of adults use tobacco in any form out of which 47.9 percent were males and 20.3 percent were females.
While 14 percent of adults- 24.3 percent of males and 2.9 percent of females- smoked tobacco, 25.0 percent of adults chewed tobacco.
More than five per cent of adults were cigarette smokers out of which 10.3 percent were males and 0.8 percent were females.
Bidi smokers were 9.2 percent of adults– 16.0 percent of males and 1.9 percent of females.
Among daily tobacco users, 60.2 percent consumed tobacco within half an hour of waking up.
Average age at initiation of tobacco use was 17.8 with 25.8 per cent of females starting tobacco use before the age of 15, the study said.
Among minors (age 15-17), 9.6 percent consumed tobacco in some form and most of them were able to purchase tobacco products.
Five in ten current smokers (46.6 percent) and users of smokeless tobacco (45.2 percent) planned to quit or at least thought of quitting.
Releasing the report, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare Ghulam Nabi Azad today said that while livelihood of tobacco growing farmers cannot be endangered, the Government must work towards moving farmers and farm workers out of the tobacco industry.
“We cannot indefinitely tolerate a public health hazard in the name of protecting livelihoods,” he said after releasing the first Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS)- India 2010.
Emphasising the need for inter-sectoral coordination for comprehensive tobacco control strategies, Azad said the health ministry has formed collaborations with the Agriculture Ministry for a project on alternative crops to tobacco and coordination with other stakeholder ministries such as Human Resource Development, Information and Broadcasting, Rural Development and Labour Ministry.
DARPAN-PLI, App for Postal Life Insurance Launched
The hand-held devices will ensure improvement in the quality of Postal services being offered in remote rural areas.
NEW DELHI: Minister of State for Communication Manoj Sinha launched DARPAN-Postal Life Insurance App on April 17 in New Delhi.
The DARPAN-PLI App will help in collection of premium for postal life insurance and rural postal life insurance policies at branch post offices anywhere in India, with online updation of the policies.
Speaking on the occasion, Sinha said, these initiative will help Department of Posts in providing better after-sales service to customers, particularly those living in rural areas of the country.
He said, with a view to achieve total digitisation of postal operations in the country, the department has launched Digital Advancement of Rural Post office for a new India (DARPAN) Project, which aims at connecting all one lakh 29 thousand Rural Branch Post Offices.
The Hand-held devices installed under DARPAN Project will ensure improvement in the quality of Postal services being offered in remote rural areas.
Customers in these areas can now avail the facility of online Core Banking, booking of Registered and Speed Post articles, booking of Money Orders, deposit of Postal Life Insurance and Rural Postal Life Insurance premium through these hand-held devices.
Almost 90% in Delhi are Vitamin-D Deficient
The bigger concern is that the population at large is not even aware of Vitamin D deficiency and its consequences.
NEW DELHI: Around 88% of the Delhi-NCR population surveyed suffered from Vitamin D deficiency which causes chronic muscle pain, spasms, low energy levels, depression etc, according to a recent report.
However, the bigger concern is that the population at large is not even aware of Vitamin D deficiency and its consequences.
A data analysis of people between the age group of 21 and 65 years from October 2017 to March 2018 showed insufficient Vitamin D presence.
The age group of 21-35 years showed maximum insufficiency, according to the survey conducted by Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM).
The report said that eight out of ten people suffered from the deficiency.
Around 55% of survey respondents were under the age bracket of 20-29 years, followed by 30-39 years (26%), 40-49 years (16%), 50-60 years (approximately 2%) and 60-80 years (1% approximately).
Vitamin D deficiency can lead to bone mineralization, leading to bone softening diseases as rickets in children and osteomalacia and osteoporosis in adults. The deficiency can be easily corrected by Vitamin D supplementation or some lifestyle changes, said Dr H K Chopra, co-chairman of ASSOCHAM Healthcare Council.
Dr Chopra further said insufficiency or non-exposure to sunlight, staying in air-conditioned rooms for long hours during the day could be the prime reason behind the deficiency.
Low vitamin D levels are widely known to harm bones, leading them to become thin, brittle, soft or misshapen.
It is also to be noted that Vitamin D is equally important for heart, brain, immune function and much more.
Foods high in Vitamin D are fish, beef liver, egg yolks.
This World Health Day is for Everyone, Everywhere
The 2018 theme for World Health Day is Universal Health Coverage: Everyone, Everywhere.
World Health Day is being observed today. The global health awareness day aims at spreading awareness about health and well being.
World Health Day is celebrated every year on 7 April under the leadership of World Health Organisation (WHO) to create global health awareness. First celebrated in the year 1950, this day also marks the establishment of WHO.
A particular health-related theme is chosen every year and varieties of programs related to it are organised on international and national levels. The celebration focuses on increasing the life expectancy of people by promoting healthier living habits.
The World Health Organisation has designated this year’s theme as ‘Universal Health Coverage (UHC): everyone, everywhere’, an indication that nations around the world are aspiring to provide higher accessibility of healthcare to their citizens.
Universal Health Coverage (UHC) refers to the providing of essential healthcare services to a person while ensuring that the use of these does not expose the user to financial distress. The basic objective is that every person who needs these services should get them and not only those who can pay them. This is required to alleviate the financial costs associated with healthcare while making individual access to these services easier.
The 2017 theme was Depression: Let’s Talk, which aimed to reach out to help people battling with the disorder. According to WHO’s latest estimates, between 2005-2015, there has been an 18% increase in people dealing with depression, that is approximately 300 million people.
As this year is WHO’s 70th Anniversary year too, the organization has appealed the world leaders to live up to the pledges they made and agreed to in the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015 and for taking concrete actions to progress towards Health For All.
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